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Chapter 4 – Minerals

Review Questions

  1. What are the two most abundant elements in the Earth’s crust?


  1. These two elements form the backbone to the largest mineral family. What is this family and what is the backbone?


  1. What is the least reliable test for identifying a mineral?


  1. Explain the differences between a compound and a mixture?


  1. What are the 5 criteria that a substance must follow in order to be classified as a mineral?






  1. What are the three ways in which a mineral can form?


  1. Give an example of a substance that is not a mineral along with the reason why it cannot be a mineral.


  1. What are the four mineral groups that form rocks?




  1. What are the 5 physical properties of a mineral?







  1. What is the difference between a rock and a mineral?